The Rural Development Department of Government of Jharkhand (GoJ) has established a separate and autonomous society named as “Jharkhand State livelihood Promotion society”(JSLPS) which works as a nodal agency for effective implementation of livelihood promotion in the state.JSLPS is also the nodal agency for implementation of National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) Project in state of Jharkhand . NRLM has an ambitious mandate Conceivably, the largest poverty reduction programme for poor in the world, The national Rural Livelihoods Mission aims at reaching nearly 70 million rural households of India, It aims to reach out to all rural poor families and link them to sustainable livelihoods opportunities. It will nurture them till they come out of poverty and enjoy a decent quality of life.
- To alleviate the poverty in the state, especially among the disadvantaged groups.
- To contribute to the lives of the rural poor throughout the state through empowerment and fostering strong self-managed grass root institutions and support investments for the groups of the poor.
- To bring in convergence among various poverty reduction and empowerment programs/schemes.
- To evolve strategies and approaches for the empowerment of the poor through social mobilization and institution building for community participation.
- To build support and service structures for providing social and technical guidance to the poor in their overall social progress and livelihood development.
- Establish models for participatory social and economic development of the rural poor in conformity with all these objectives and prove their relevance, sustainability and suitability of replication.
- Support development of new ideas and innovative programs.
- Provide technical and other advisory support to government and stakeholders.
Vision & Mission
“Create a socio-economically developed Jharkhand through inclusive growth strategies for empowering the underprivileged members of vulnerable communities/groups, resulting in them leading a dignified life.”
“ We dedicate ourselves to empowering the underprivileged women as well as the members of vulnerable communities/groups in the state by organizing and capacitating their groups and creating sustainable livelihoods. We ensure convergence of prevalent development programmes and schemes as well as forge partnerships with other non-government organizations and International developmental agencies for inclusive growth and the empowerment of the members of the groups served
- Poor have a strong desire to come out of poverty & have innate capabilities to realize the same.
- Social Mobilisation & building strong institutions of the poor are critical for unleashing the innate capabilities of the poor.
- Dedicated, professional, sensitive and accountable support structure to initiate the process.
Access to credit, marketing & other livelihoods services to facilitate the upward mobility of the poor.
Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India in June 2011. Aided in part through investment support by the World Bank, the Mission aims at creating efficient and effective institutional platforms of the rural poor enabling them to increase household income through sustainable livelihood enhancements and improved access to financial services.
NRLM has set out with an agenda to cover 7 Crore BPL households, across 600 districts, 6000 blocks, 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats and 6 lakh villages in the country through self-managed Self Help Groups (SHGs) and federated institutions and support them for livelihoods collectives in a period of 8-10 years.
“To reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots institutions of the poor.”
NRLM Guiding Principles
- Poor have a strong desire to come out of poverty, and they have innate capabilities
- Social mobilization and building strong institutions of the poor is critical for unleashing the innate capabilities of the poor.
- Facilitating knowledge dissemination, skill building, access to credit, access to marketing, and access to other livelihoods services underpins this upward mobility.
The core values which guide all the activities under NRLM are as follows:
- Inclusion of the poorest, and meaningful role to the poorest in all the processes
- Transparency and accountability of all processes and institutions
- Ownership and key role of the poor and their institutions in all stages – planning, implementation, and, monitoring
- Community self-reliance and self-dependence
NRLM will ensure that states adopts saturation approach, where at least one member from each identified rural poor household,preferably a woman, is brought under the Self Help Group (SHG) network in a time bound manner. The Mission will adoptdifferential strategies for social inclusion and mobilization of all identified BPL households into functionally effectiveand self-managed institutions, with particular focus on inclusion of vulnerable sections like scheduled castes, scheduled tribes,disabled, landless, migrant labor, isolated communities and communities living in disturbed areas. Using participatory vulnerability assessmentand ranking methodology it would identify the poorest and the most vulnerable among the BPL households. Both men andwomen from identified households would be organised into institutions of the poor (including farmers’ organisations, producers’ cooperatives etc.)for addressing livelihood issues. These aggregates would graduate into higher level institutions supported by community resource persons (CRP),which will ensure the processes of inclusion and mobilization.
Experience from large scale projects shows access to repeat finance, at affordable price, for desired amount and customised repayment terms is crucial for poor and vulnerable group of the society, to meet their consumption, exit debt trap and investment in livelihood assets.
Based on the eligibility criteria, the mission would provide financial support to the institutions of poor with intent to inject financial resources into the institutions of poor for meeting their credit needs for both for consumption purposes and also for investment in livelihoods promotion. This fund would be eventually a corpus /capital resource for institutions of the poor. The poorest and the most vulnerable groups would be given priority for capital subsidy. NRLM will provide sub vision to the rural poor in order to access credit at 7% rate of interest to make their investment more viable. Sub vision would be performance linked on a long term engagement with banks over the entire credit cycle.
NRLM will ensure universal coverage of micro-insurance services, particularly to cover life, health and asset risks of the poor and vulnerable households, by seeking convergence with the insurance schemes of Government of India.
Livelihood Promotion NRLM envisages that the poor move gradually on the continuum from consumption → debt swapping → enhancement of existing livelihoods → diversification. Major focus of NRLM is to stabilize and promote existing livelihoods portfolio of the poor, in farm and in non-farm sectors. NRLM would look at the entire portfolio of livelihoods of each household and facilitate support for the activities at the individual/household level, or in a collective, or at both levels. As agriculture is the mainstay livelihoods activity for a large proportion of the rural poor, NRLM will lay special focus on sustainable agriculture and allied activities like animal husbandry, non-timber forest produce and fisheries.
The NRLM Livelihoods Promotion are:
‘Vulnerability reduction’ and ‘livelihoods enhancement’ through deepening/enhancing and expanding existing livelihoods options and tapping new opportunities within the key livelihoods that are virtually universally practiced like agriculture, livestock, fisheries, forest produce collection;
- Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana and Infrastructure and Marketing Support Fund for Livelihoods
- Skilled wage employment‘ – building skills for the job market outside an Skill Development and Placements
- ‘Enterprises‘ – nurturing self-employed and entrepreneurs (for micro-enterprises and Self Employment
Aajeevika Skills : Making Rural Poor Youth Employable
The ASDP is being positioned as a sub-mission of the NRLM, which will be delivered by JSLPS through submission of an Annual Action Plan (AAP) to MoRD. Post sanction of AAP JSLPS will come up with relevant skilling projects that make the most of the industrial & commercial environment of the state and optimally develop local resources for skilling. Aajeevika- National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) is an initiative launched by Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India in June 2011. The Aajeevika Skill Development Programme (ASDP) is a sub-mission under NRLM.
It has evolved out of the need to:
- cater to the occupational aspirations of the rural youth who are poor and
- to diversify incomes of the rural poor.
- Key Features
- Provides customized residential and non residential training
- Minimum 624 hours of training with modules on trade specific skills, IT and soft skills.
- Special programs for Jammu and Kashmir, Minorities and Most critical Left wings
- 75% assured placement above minimum wages
- Post placement support
- Food and transport support during training
Jharkhand Opportunities for Harnessing Rural Growth (JOHAR) Project
The development objective of the Jharkhand Opportunities for Harnessing Rural Growth (JOHAR) Project is to enhance and diversify household income in select farm and non‐farm sectors for targeted beneficiaries in project areas of jharkhand. Over 200,000 rural households and some 3,500 farmer producer groups are expected to benefit from the project with women as principal actors in production, processing and marketing. Women SHG members, including from scheduled castes and tribes, and smallholder and landless households from 17 districts and 68 blocks of rural Jharkhand are expected to benefit.
JOHAR, will help the state develop climate-resilient agriculture by focusing on year-round cultivation of vegetables and diversifying into new high-yielding varieties of pulses and oilseeds. The project will also demonstrate resilient technologies for improving productivity and reducing climate risk in paddy, promote community-based micro irrigation and support the producer groups to move into value added sectors like livestock, fisheries, and non-timber forest produce.
The state has made rapid progress in horticulture with around 4.27 lakh hectares under vegetables and fruits (out of the net sown area of 23.62 lakh hectares) and an all-India ranking within 10 for several vegetable crops.
The project comprises of three components.
1) The first component, diversified and resilient production and value addition will support collectives of small producers and interventions for diversification, intensification, and value‐addition in the selected sub‐sectors of high‐value agriculture (HVA), livestock, non‐timber forest produce (NTFP), fisheries, and irrigation. It consists of following sub-components: (i) rural producer collectives; (ii) high‐value agriculture development; (iii) livestock development; (iv) fishery development; (v) non‐timber forest produce development; and (vi) irrigation system development.
2) The second component will involve support for promoting market access and private sector participation, fostering skill development relevant to the focus value chains, and facilitating the development of pro-poor agricultural finance
systems. It consists of following sub-components: (i) market access and private sector participation; (ii) skill, jobs, and enterprise development; and (iii) pro‐poor agricultural finance systems.
3) The third component, project and knowledge management objective is to establish effective project management and facilitate strong knowledge managemen
Jharkhand Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation Project funded by Japanese ODA loan
Agriculture in Jharkhand is dominated by small holders and about 50% of the farmers have a land holding of less than 0.4 ha. As the state does not possess any perennial river and has undulated topography, irrigation schemes are limited to minor ones. The farmers rely on groundwater not only for domestic use, but also for agricultural production in Jharkhand. .JICA recognizes the significance of livelihood improvement and poverty alleviation in rural areas and Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation project shall contribute towards development of agriculture and horticulture sector, poverty alleviation and also gender empowerment in the state of Jharkhand.
The project is targeting 30,000 farmers’ households across 9 districts of Jharkhand. The farmers to be supported under the project are members of Self Help Group (SHG) formed by Jharkhand State Livelihood Promotion Society (JSLPS) and own or lease small farmlands. The project adopts a holistic approach wherein farmers are provided with MDI system, poly nursery house and vermi compost unit along with intensive training on horticulture and marketing.
- Enhance household incomes from diversified farming and on-farm activities
- Capacity building of community on improved MDI technology and Package of practices of crops for wider dissemination of technology.
- Training of SHGs members in nurturing for micro-enterprises promotion, managing group fund, arranging micro credit from Village Organisation and ensuring pay back for replication of technology in sustainable manner
- Public Private Community Partnership (PPCP) through engagement with financial institutions, input suppliers and market forces. Collectivization of the products and linkages with market. Convergence with government programme for replication.
- Developing a sustainable management system through promotion of Community Resource Person for escalation of technology and day-to-day technology support.
- Establishment of infrastructure for gradation and storage. Development of market information system and support.
Area of implementation
9 Districts (Ranchi, Khunti, Pakur, Pashchimi Singhbhum, Lohardaga, Gumla, Simdega, Khunti, and Dumka) ( 30 Blocks).